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The Shoulder - Anatomy, Injuries, and Exercises

By February 3, 2008

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The shoulder is a very unique joint in the sense that it permits 360 degrees of rotation. Due to this joint freedom, we are able to pitch a fast ball as well as swim rapidly through the water.

The ever popular rotator cuff muscles secure the shoulder joint in it's place. Unfortunately, this places these muscles in a position that is set up for tendon tears. Rotator cuff injuries is one of the most common disorders of the shoulder.

Other common shoulder disorders include:

Some shoulder injuries can be treated conservatively with rest, ice, mobilization, and physical therapy. However, other shoulder injuries require surgical intervention.

Common shoulder exercises include:

Comments
February 8, 2008 at 2:16 pm
(1) Sturdy McKee, MPT says:

Thank you for addressing shoulder issues in this article.

It should probably be pointed out that the shoulder rotates about 180 degrees, from about 90-100 degrees external rotation to about 80-90 degrees internal rotation. 360 degrees of rotation is mentioned in the article. This would lead to serious injury.

Strengthening of the rotator cuff muscles and scapular (shoulder blade) stabilizers is a great way to reduce or prevent injuries.

Pictures to accompany the exercises noted in the accompanying links would be very helpful. We can provide those.

August 6, 2009 at 2:33 pm
(2) greg says:

the excercise suggestions are great but a little stick diagram would also be helpful…

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