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Physical Therapy Abbreviations

Abbreviations

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Updated July 17, 2014

Physiotherapy.
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There are many abbreviations specific to the field of physical therapy. This can often be confusing to other health care professionals and students starting their training in therapy. Use this resource to review the most common abbreviations and their meanings.

A

a- before
AAROM- active assistive range of motion
Abd- abduction
ACJ- acromioclavicular joint
ACL- anterior cruciate ligament
Add- adduction
ADL- activities of daily living
AFO- ankle foot orthosis
AKA- above knee amputation
Amb- ambulation
AROM- active range of motion

B

B- bilateral
BID- twice a day
BKA- below knee amputation

C

C- with
CGA- contact guard assist
CKC- closed kinetic chain
CP- cold pack
CPM- continuous passive motion
CTx- cervical traction

D

DJD- degenerative disc disease
DF- dorsiflexion

E

E Stim- electrical stimulation
ER- external rotation
Ex- exercise
Ev- eversion

F

Flex- flexion
FIM score- functional independence level
FWB- full weight bearing
Fx- fracture

G

GHJ- glenohumeral joint

H

HEP- home exercise program
H/o- history of
HOB- head of bed
HP- hot packs
HVGS- high voltage galvantic stimulation
Hx- history

I

I- independent
Inv- inversion
IR- internal rotation
ITB- iliotibial band

K

KAFO- knee ankle foot orthosis

L

LAQ- long arc quad
LBQC- large base quad cane
LCL- lateral collateral ligament
LE- lower extremity
LTG- long term goals

M

MCL- medial collateral ligament
MFR- myofascial release
Mm- muscle
MMT- manual muscle test
Mobs- mobilization

N

NWB- non weight bearing
NDT- neuro developmental technique

O

OKC- open kinetic chain

P

PCL- posterior cruciate ligament
PF- plantar flexion
PFS- patellofemoral syndrome
PNF- proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
PMHx- past medical history
Pro- pronation
PROM- passive range of motion
PT- physical therapist
PTA- physical therapy assistant
PWB- partial weight bearing

Q

Q- every
QC- quad cane
QD- every day
QID- four times a day

R

RICE- rest,ice,compression,elevation ROM- range of motion
Rot- rotation
Rx- treatment

S

SAC- short arc quad
SB- side bending
SBA- stand by assist
SBQC- small base quad cane
SC- straight cane
SLR- straight leg raise
STM- soft tissue mobilization
Sup- supination

T

TENS- transcutaneous electrical stimulation
THA- total hip arthroplasty
Ther Ex- therapeutic exercise
TID- three times a day
TKA- total knee arthroplasty
TLSO- thoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
TTWB- toe touch weight bearing

U

UE- upper extremity
US- ultra sound

W

W/c- wheel chair
WFL- within functional limit
WNL- within normal limits

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