A variety of conditions can result in the pain of sacroiliac dysfunction. Arthritis affects many joints of the body, and the sacroiliac joint is of no exception. When the joint’s cartilage is damaged or worn away, the bones begin to rub on each other, and osteoarthritis results. This is the most common cause of SI joint dysfunction. Direct trauma to the joint, such as a fall can also result in sacroiliac joint pain. Pregnancy is another frequent cause of sacroiliac joint dysfunction, possibly because of changes in posture or hormonal effects on joint laxity.
Leg length discrepancy, having one leg shorter than the other, is another condition that results in excessive motion at the sacroiliac joint as well as pain. Various systemic disorders also affect the sacroiliac joint. These include ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Sacroiliac joint dysfunction causes pain in the lower back region that radiates down the posterior buttock region. The pain increases during walking or standing and is less when lying down. Symptoms can sometimes occur in the hips or groin region as well. Symptoms can be replicated when the joint is stressed during an examination by a health care professional.
Treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction can include invasive procedures such as joint injections as well as non-invasive procedures involving physical therapy exercises. Joint injections involve placing a solution of local anesthetic into the joint as well as a small amount of steroid. Therapeutic exercises involve lumbar stabilization and low back stretches.