Shin splints are a type of overuse injury that result in pain experienced along the inner lower leg. Shin splints are common among runners, but can occur in any activity that entails prolonged loading of the feet. Medically, shin splints are known as medial tibial stress syndrome.
Shin splints are due to an inflammation of the thin layer of tissue that covers the leg bone, or tibia. This inflammation is a result of the repetitive pulling of the muscles that attach through the periostium to the bone such as occurs in constant activity.
Rest from the initiating activity is the first line of treatment for shin splints. After an adequate amount of rest, gentle stretching and strengthening of the lower anterior leg muscles can help prevent shin splints from returning.