Outcome measurement tools are specific tests and measures that your physical therapist may use to quantify your overall function. These tools are important, as they provide your therapist with a simple and effective way to measure your mobility.
Functional outcome measurement tools may serve many purposes. These include, but are not limited, to:
- To help in goal setting
- As a means to provide motivation
- To help guide treatment
- To provide a prognosis for your specific condition
- To provide justification for treatment
Your physical therapist may use many other measurements to help assess your progress in physical therapy. He or she may measure your strength and range of motion. Balance and posture may be assessed as well. But functional outcome measures are also important to help track your progress in physical therapy.
Effective functional outcome measurement tools must meet certain criteria to be useful in the physical therapy clinic. First, they must be reliable, which means that the results must be consistent with each patient and within groups of patients. They must also be valid. Validity in an outcome measurement test means that it measures exactly what it is intended to measure.
An effective outcome measurement test must also be easy to administer. Your physical therapist is likely quite busy, so the test must be practical and simple to perform. Outcome measurement tools must also be purposeful. A test of your balance must reflect your current function related to your balance ability.
Common functional outcome measurement tools that your physical therapist may use include:
- The Timed Up and Go Test
- The Tinetti Balance and Gait Evaluation
- The Berg Balance Scale
- The Six Minute Walk Test
- The Functional Reach Test
- The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire
- The Functional Independent Measure
If you are experiencing difficulty with functional mobility, you may benefit from physical therapy to help you return to normal activities again. If you attend physical therapy, be sure to inquire about your therapist's use of functional outcome measurements.